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  • Alekh Johari

How can we leverage IoT devices and blockchain technology to prevent water pilferage & theft during distribution?

Watch the video to know how IOT Devices & Blockchain can be used to prevent water wastage and theft.

It will help in

1. Real-time Monitoring with IoT Sensors:

  • Smart meters: Install IoT-enabled water meters at strategic points in the distribution network, like entry points to neighborhoods or individual buildings. These meters would track water flow in real-time, detecting any unauthorized diversions or sudden spikes in usage.

  • Leak detectors: Equip pipelines with leak detection sensors. These sensors can identify any breaches in the pipes that might be used for pilferage.

  • GPS trackers: Consider attaching GPS trackers to water tankers used for distribution. This allows for real-time monitoring of their location and ensures they follow designated routes.

2. Secure Data Recording with Blockchain:

  • Immutable Records: All the data collected by the IoT sensors (water flow, leak detection, GPS location) would be uploaded to a blockchain network. Blockchain technology provides a tamper-proof ledger, ensuring data cannot be altered or manipulated.

  • Transparency and Traceability: Every transaction involving water movement (from source to destination) would be recorded on the blockchain. This creates a transparent and traceable record, making it easier to identify any discrepancies or suspicious activity.

  • Automated Alerts: The system can be programmed to trigger automated alerts based on predefined thresholds. For example, if a sensor detects a sudden drop in pressure or an unexpected deviation from the designated route (GPS tracker), an alert can be sent to authorities for investigation.


  • Reduced Water Loss: Real-time monitoring and tamper-proof data can significantly reduce water pilferage, leading to better resource management.

  • Improved Efficiency: Automated billing and data management streamlined by blockchain can increase operational efficiency.

  • Enhanced Transparency: Increased transparency throughout the distribution network builds trust between water providers and consumers.


  • Cost of Implementation: The initial investment in IoT devices and blockchain infrastructure can be significant.

  • Scalability: Implementing such a system across a large and complex water distribution network might require phased rollouts.

  • Integration with Existing Systems: Integrating the new system with existing billing and management infrastructure might require additional effort.

Overall, combining IoT devices and blockchain technology offers a powerful solution for preventing water pilferage and promoting responsible water management.

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